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dc.contributor.author Watson E.B.
dc.contributor.author Cherniak D.J.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-14T10:49:48Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-14T10:49:48Z
dc.date.issued 1997
dc.identifier https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=267778
dc.identifier.citation Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1997, , 3, 527-544
dc.identifier.issn 0012-821X
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.geologyscience.ru/handle/123456789/20787
dc.description.abstract Oxygen diffusion in natural, non-metamict zircon was characterized under both dry and water-present conditions at temperatures ranging from 765°C to 1500°C. Dry experiments were performed at atmospheric pressure by encapsulating polished zircon samples with a fine powder of 18O-enriched quartz and annealing the sealed capsules in air. Hydrothermal runs were conducted in cold-seal pressure vessels (7-70 MPa) or a piston cylinder apparatus (400-1000 MPa) on zircon samples encapsulated with both 18O-enriched quartz and 18O water. Diffusive-uptake profiles of 18O were measured in all samples with a particle accelerator, using the 18O(p, α)15N reaction. For dry experimental conditions at 1100-1500°C, the resulting oxygen diffusivities (24 in all) are well described by: Ddry (m2/s) = 1.33 x 10 - 4exp(-53920/T) There is no suggestion of diffusive anisotropy.Under wet conditions at 925°C, oxygen diffusion shows little or no dependence upon PH2O in the range 7-1000 MPa, and is insensitive to total pressure as well. The results of 27 wet experiments at 767-1160°C and 7-1000 MPa can be described a single Arrhenius relationship: Dwet (m2/s) = 5.5 x 10-12exp(-25280/T)The insensitivity of oxygen diffusion to PH2O means that applications to geologic problems can be pursued knowing only whether the system of interest was 'wet' (i.e., PH2O > 7 MPa) or 'dry'. Under dry conditions (presumably rare in the crust), zircons are extremely retentive of their oxygen isotopic signatures, to the extent that δ18O would be perturbed at the center of a 200 μm zircon only during an extraordinarily hot and protracted event (e.g., 65 Ma at 900°C). Under wet conditions, δ18O may or may not be retained in the central regions of individual crystals, cores or overgrowth rims, depending upon the specific thermal history of the system.
dc.subject DIFFUSION
dc.subject ZIRCON
dc.subject OXYGEN
dc.type Статья

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